How to Harvest Celery? Celery Harvesting Process step by step - Celery agriculture Celery processing

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  • Published on:  Saturday, September 25, 2021
  • How to Harvest Celery? Celery Harvesting Process step by step - Celery agriculture Celery processing - The celery plant (Apium graveolens) belonging to family Apiaceae is a hardy biennial, occasionally annual, widely cultivated for its fleshy leafstalk used as a vegetable and seeds which yield essential oil. ... The crop is grown as a winter annual for its seed and seed oil, used for flavouring tinned food and sauces.

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    0:00 introduction
    0:25 step by step Celery agriculture process
    02:55 Celery Harvesting Process step by step
    05:04 Celery Harvester
    05:59 Celery picking process by hand
    08:53 storing Celery processing in factory

    Credit: Fresh Processes , EcoPowerSystemsLLC.com , Hi-Standard Machine LLC, mobileVRexperts, Tuan Sakurata

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    Plant protection
    Celery Mosaic Virus

    Disease and its control:

    Celery Mosaic Virus: It is virus which gets transmitted to other plants by aphids. The symptoms are vein clearing, vein mottling, leaves gets curled, twisted and has stunted growth.

    Treatment: Spraying of Rogor30 /ltr or Acephate @6-8gm/ltr of water is done at the time of flowering to get rid from celery mosaic virus.
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    Damping Off

    Damping-off: It is a fungal disease which is caused by Rhizoctonia solani and Pythium spp. The symptoms are rotten seeds which decreases seed germination rate or slow germination rate.

    Treatment: If infestation is observed drenching of Copper oxy or per acre in 150 ltr of water.
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    Downy Mildew

    Downy mildew: It is a fungal disease which is caused by Peronospora umbellifarum. The symptoms are lesions which gets darker with the maturity of plant, yellow spots on the upper surface and white fluffy growth on the lower surface of leaves.

    Treatment: If infestation is observed drenching of Copper oxy or per acre in 150 ltr of water.

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    Early blight

    Early blight (Cercospora leaf spot, Cercospora blight): It is a fungal disease which is caused by Cercospora apii. The symptoms are small yellow spots on both upper and lower surface of leaves.

    Treatment: If infestation is observed take spray of Zineb or per acre in 150 ltr of water.
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    Fusarium yellows

    Fusarium yellows: It is a fungal disease which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum. The symptoms are stunted growth, brownish color roots and fainted color of vascular tissue. The disease mainly gets transfer by the use of contaminated agricultural equipment’s.

    Treatment: If infestation is observed drenching of Copper oxy or per acre in 150 ltr of water.


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    Leaf Miner

    Pest and their control:

    Leaf miner: It affects the foliage as it gives the appearance of been scorched.

    Treatment: Use of insecticidal spray is done to get rid of leaf miner.
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    Carrot Weevil

    Carrot weevil: It affects the fresh leaves by tunnelling larvae into it.

    Treatment: Suitable insecticidal treatment is required to treat carrot weevil pest.

    Aphids

    Aphids: They affect the plant growth by sucking the cell sap of the leaves.

    Treatment: Spraying of Malathion 50 EC @400ml/acre at the interval of 15 days is done to get rid of aphids.

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    Harvesting

    Harvesting is mainly done 4-5 months after sowing. Harvesting of plant and seeds are to be done. Plants are cut just above the ground with the help of sharp knife. Seed harvesting is mainly done when most seeds turn light brown in color in umbel. Immediate harvesting is required as delay in harvesting results in seed loss.
    Post-Harvest

    After harvesting, trimming is done. Then celery is packed into cellars, trenches and cold storage for transportation purposes and to increase its self-life.
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