6 STEPS in the TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS
- Published on: Monday, November 8, 2021
- Voz: Ross Jones
When a human being has a need (or a problem) they try to find a solution.
The technological [design] process permits us to make an object that provides a solution to said problem.
In order to achieve this, we need to perform a series of 6 steps that are as follows:
Recognize our need
Design a solution
Plan its construction
Construct the object that we have designed
Verify that the entire process has been completed correctly
And finally, collect everything in a report
The first step is RECOGNIZE THE NEED
Recognizing the need is the starting point to subsequently design the object
It is very important to collect IN DETAIL the specific needs that we want to resolve.
We will not be able to carry out an accurate design if we do not know which of the characteristics that are needed to complete our product.
The specific requirements makes the final design very different… and we should know each of the details or necessary requirements so that our object successfully solves our need.
The second step is DESIGN THE SOLUTION:
Here, what we are going to need to do is look up information about objects or designs that already exist and that solve similar problems to our problem.
We will not always find a solution that is perfectly adapted to our problem, but we can take an idea that already exists and adapt it to our own needs.
Think of the engineers that developed the first rocket capable of carrying humans into space. To be the first means that nobody before had designed a rocket, but they found objects that served as inspiration for their design.
The design has to adapt itself to our knowledge, to our tools, and to our materials, but also to the time that we have for the construction, to the budget that we have assigned and including to our likes (because the aesthetic also forms part of the design.
If we work as a team we can carry out a “brainstorming session” and later vote on those ideas that seem better.
When we find a design that suits us we have to describe it in the most precise way possible… and in technology, in order to detail an object we use plans. We have to create plans of the object as a whole and also plans for each of its pieces.
The plans should be correctly finalized and preferably to scale.
The third step is the PLANNING
Here we need to make a detailed list of all the tools we are going to use and another list with the materials and its price (to know the real cost of the project).
A project would also take into account additional costs for example labor, renting machinery and licenses.
Another important part of the planning is detailing in correct order the tasks that will be completed and assign each task a determined time as well as a person responsible for it.
This part of the planning process is completed with Pert diagrams but in the first steps of the technological process we can use a similar table like this.
The fourth step is the CONSTRUCTION
After the design and planning phase the moment of beginning construction arrives.
During construction, all of the plans made in the design and previous planning phase will be followed at all times.
If we consider it necessary to make any variation we will take note of it in order to reflect on it afterwards in the report.
And lastly, during construction, all of the safety rules will be mandatorily respected and it is recommended to take photographs of each step in order to include them in the report.
The fifth step is the VERIFICATION
Verification is important to assure us that the entire process has been developed correctly.
A part of the verification is done side-by-side with the construction… evaluating each piece that is fabricated and each step of the assembly… in this way we can detect and correct errors before it is too late.
The last part of the verification is done at the end of construction. And what are we checking?
Well, we are checking:
The operation is correct
The structural resistance of the object
The success of the design
In this verification process we can also include proposals of improvements for our product.
The last of the steps is to write a REPORT
The report is a written document in which ALL the information generated during the previous steps is collected.
The objective of the report is to communicate to other people the exact process in order to construct the object that we have designed.
This document will have the following parts:
DESCRIPTION OF THE NEED THAT WE WANT TO RESOLVE
DESCRIPTION OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL OBJECT
PLANS FOR THE OBJECT
LIST OF TOOLS
MATERIALS AND PROPOSAL
PHOTOS OF THE CONSTRUCTION
IDEAS OF IMPROVEMENT